So I have been playing D&D for some while now, since 3.5 (skipped 4e) and crafting in D&D has always been something I detest as its REALLY poorly handled in my opinion as a game designer myself.

I am currently DMing a game and one of my PCs is a rogue who has a poisoners kit and wants to develop poisons to coat his weapons. I can easily homebrew some stuff up if needed. But I was curious if there was anything in RAW (either DMG or PHB) that states what it takes to actually create your own poisons, and what poisons a player can create. Page numbers to support claims is highly preferred. I have looked through the books but was unable to find anything substantial except for the Poisoners Kit which says something along the lines of "Allows the Player to create poisons".

If there are no RAW solutions to this problem I have something in my back pocket for it so that isn't really what I am looking for.


4 Answers 4


The DMG pp. 257-258 has a bit of what you're looking for: descriptions of fourteen sample poisons, with damages and costs. A few individual descriptions contain enough detail to make (some) ingredients obvious--see Carrion Crawler Mucus and Serpent Venom, for example.

As for crafting poison...

During downtime between adventures a character can use the crafting rules in the Player's Handbook to create basic poison if the character has proficiency with a poisoner's kit. At your discretion the character can create other kinds of poison. Not all poison ingredients are available for purchase, and tracking down certain ingredients might form the basis of an entire adventure. (DMG p.258, emphasis mine)

Even combined with the PHB Poisoner's Kit (p.154: "Proficiency with this kit lets you add your proficiency bonus to any ability checks you make to craft or use poisons.") and Crafting (p.187) sections, there's not much here to go on. Combining all three sources could go something like this:

  1. Character would like to make Assassin's Blood poison (DMG 257-8). It costs 150 gp to purchase.
  2. Crafting such a poison will take 30 days (1 day per 5 gp) along with proficiency in the poisoner's kit (PHB 187).
  3. At the end of the 30 days character will make a check to see if the crafting was successful. Let's base this check off of the example of Serpent's Venom on DMG p.258:
    1. It's a DC 20 Nature check to harvest the serpent's venom, which creates a poison with a DC 11 Con save. Since the Con save for Assassin's Blood is only 10, your crafting DC for the Assassin's Blood poison should be less than 20.
    2. Failing the harvest-check badly can go badly for the character. Ditto brewing Assassin's Blood (or distilling, or decanting, or whatever).

I think that's all the rules have got for you.

And here's my bonus inspiration for GMs that read this far: the bottle of 'wine' I saw at my doctor's office this afternoon...

Vietnamese Snake-Wine

Yes, that's a bottle of wine with an entire cobra in it. And yes, in the cobra's mouth is a whole scorpion.

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    \$\begingroup\$ @nitsua60 I wanted to add that I did find a crafting "cheat sheet" online that shows 25gp/day increments. Maybe that's from the playtest or maybe it's an additional rule from the DMG. The cheat sheet also shows the different types of poisons that could be created (from the example poisons in the DMG). IIRC the PHB only has "Poison, Basic." \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 22, 2016 at 14:11
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    \$\begingroup\$ That cheat sheet's wrong. (Crafting a magic item progresses in 25 gp per day increments, but all other crafting's at 5 gp per day.) \$\endgroup\$
    – nitsua60
    Commented Feb 22, 2016 at 14:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ Note that your Serpent Venom info from the DMG is an example of harvesting a poison, not crafting one, and the procedure and DCs apply to wyvern poison and crawler mucus as well as serpent venom. Harvesting doesn't require the time and gold that crafting does, so the checks are probably harder. Crafting requires a Poisoner's Kit check (presumably INT-based). If special ingredients are required, it's up to the DM whether a harvesting check is needed; if so, we can expect it to be lower DC than harvesting a poison directly (otherwise why spend the time and gold on crafting?) \$\endgroup\$
    – pyrocrasty
    Commented Sep 24, 2023 at 10:41

By RAW: No. They didn't provide a crafting table for poisons in either book.

There are two things poisoning does. Apply the poisoned condition, which puts enemies at a disadvantage on the attack, or deal damage such as a green dragon/poison spray spell. It doesn't appear to be evident that you can deal poison damage and also the condition at the same time.

So, like all of the crafting in 5e, this is left completely up to DM discretion.

Basically, there's nothing to cite with respect to the poisons as per the handbook. This leaves everything up to home ruling, which is both a pro and a con. For the cons, there's nothing to cite when you want to reference what you should be able to brew, as well as a distinct lack of what poisoning should do beyond the condition or damage effect.

As for the pros, it leaves decisions on what to do with poison completely up to the player and DM collaborative process. For example, what if I wanted to create a poison that could charm people? Or a poison that makes somebody extremely talkative and cooperative? Or even a poison that changes a person's skin colour to bright blue?


Xanathar's Guide to Everything had some rules for creating the various healing potions. I'd suggest that you could look at the time and costs for poisons and reverse engineer the time based on that rule and add in harvesting (if desired) based on the rarity of the type of poison being made.

For an example, suppose a player's Drow Rogue wants to create their own Drow poison. The stuff lists as selling for 200 gp. Since the actual cost used for crafted items is 1/2 of the list price, 100 gp is the target cost which is the same as a Superior Healing potion, so I'd rule it to take the same time of 1 work-week at a total expense to create of 100 gp. For another example, Purple Worm poison would cost half of the listed 2000 gp, putting it equal to a Superior Healing potion at a 1000 gp expense and 3 work-weeks to complete.

I cannot say this is official canon and such, but with the lack of exacting rules it seems like a reasonable application for modifying a similar process. Also, while 3 weeks may not seem very long to create such a potent poison, it's always possible to further restrict creating such items based upon the rarity of the original venom from a Purple Worm being available or not.


i found this?


i am starting my poisoner off with this info. the link is nice because it offers simple harvesting mechanics as well as simple crafting mechanics for poisons that shouldnt cost hundreds of gp and take days to make. just simple little stuff. i dont like the duration on this page, because if it lasts for an hour it lasts for an hour, i don't know why combat would shorten that (especially if you designed an applicator quiver (arrows or bolts held tip down in a damp cloth soaked with the poison) or something like that)

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    \$\begingroup\$ Homebrew is not RAW. \$\endgroup\$
    – user17995
    Commented Sep 19, 2016 at 23:27
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    \$\begingroup\$ To expand on TuggyNE's comment, the tag for this question specifically requests Rules-as-written which means they want a solution from official source material. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Sep 20, 2016 at 2:06

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