The Phalanx Soldier archetype for fighters gains the following ability
At 3rd level, when a phalanx soldier wields a shield, he can use any polearm or spear of his size as a one-handed weapon.
When using a two handed weapon you gain an increase in damage from str (if you follow the link, the info is much further down)
Two hands are required to use a two-handed melee weapon effectively. Apply 1-1/2 times the character's Strength bonus to damage rolls for melee attacks with such a weapon
And power attack
You can choose to take a –1 penalty on all melee attack rolls and combat maneuver checks to gain a +2 bonus on all melee damage rolls. This bonus to damage is increased by half (+50%) if you are making an attack with a two-handed weapon, a one handed weapon using two hands
So what happens, does the archetype ability allow you to benefit from the extra damage for a 2-handed weapon, or because its not being used in 2-hands you dont?