I am currently Playing a Monk 8/ Rogue 4 The Rogue is an Assassin. pg97 of the PHB says that for assassinate the move

In addition, any hit you score against a creature that is surprised is a critical hit

I attacked a surprise creature with my flurry of blows from the Monk giving me 4 hits. Since the passage on Surprise in chapter 9 doesnt specify how many attacks count for "surprised" my DM ruled that only the first hit was a critical. My argument was that Assassinate uses the word "all" for the hits.

So who is correct via RAW?

  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Related, maybe even a duplicate. \$\endgroup\$
    – Miniman
    Apr 28, 2016 at 3:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ Ahhh yes, yes it is... thanks for the link. I didnt think to search this according to the surprise function. \$\endgroup\$
    – MC_Hambone
    Apr 28, 2016 at 3:56

1 Answer 1


Your DM is wrong (except that, as DM, they can't be).

A creature is surprised until the end of its first turn. If you beat its initiative, then every attack you successfully make is a critical hit. If you lose initiative, then it isn't surprised on your turn and you lose that benefit of surprise.


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