I have been told that having the high ground is historically useful for military units in general but also ranged combatants in particular. I am the DM who has to make this call, but having never shot a person from a tower, I genuinely do not know if high ground is a useful thing for an archer.
Is there any precedent for applying this concept to D&D (or Pathfinder) by granting a circumstantial bonus to a character who is making ranged attacks from high ground (for example, 10 additional feet in elevation compared to the target)? I would like to use this precedent, if it exists, to inform my decision whether or not to grant a character advantage on his or her ranged attacks made from high ground.
A good answer would not only confirm the existence of such a precedent, but would also go into detail about why it makes sense to add such a bonus including information on physics or personal experience with archery.