Bigger and littler ranged weapons can have proportionately altered range increments…
The Arms and Equipment Guide on Size and Range says
Larger and smaller versions of ranged weapons have correspondingly longer or shorter range increments. Each time you increase a weapon’s size, lengthen its range increment by 25%. For example, Huge longbows, such as those wielded by ogre mages, have a range increment of 125 feet.
Each time you decrease a weapon’s size, shorten its range increment by 25%. A Medium-size long-bow in the hands of a halfling has a range increment of 75 feet. (4-5)
So that is a thing. A DM will have to adjust the mentioned weapon sizes (which changed radically) due to the 3.5 revision.
…But a 3.5 DM's minor adjustments may eliminate this rule
This is, so far as I'm aware, exclusively a Dungeons and Dragons, Third Edition rule, omitted from any texts after the 3.5 revision. This makes it game-legal for use in a 3.5 campaign but maybe subject to minor adjustments by the DM (DMG 4) due to the revision. Personally, I've never used the rule—the game's complex enough as it is—, but in an archery-focused game, I can certainly see folks wanting to.