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This question already has an answer here:

Is there a mechanic by which a non-ranger character can have a useful animal companion? The PHB has animals that you can buy, but how can a character make use of them if they are not a beastmaster, have the find familiar spell, or an animal friendship spell?

As an example, I would like to find a way to have a fighter use a hawk for help with survival, hunting and possibly even to harass an enemy from time-to-time.

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marked as duplicate by SevenSidedDie dnd-5e Dec 21 '16 at 20:14

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ @SevenSidedDie The accepted answer for the duplicate question doesn't even mention the Animal Handling skill. I'm ignorant about what to do in this situation. Should I post my answer to that duplicate question instead? \$\endgroup\$ – Bloodcinder Dec 21 '16 at 20:19
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Bloodcinder If you hold on a bit, at least until it's clear that the close-as-duplicate isn't contested, we can merge these answers over there. That said, there's really nothing wrong with just posting an answer to that question if you want to, whether it's a copy-paste of your answer here or not. :) (If there's an eventual merge, we'd take care that there aren't duplicated answers.) \$\endgroup\$ – SevenSidedDie Dec 21 '16 at 20:21
  • \$\begingroup\$ I'm sorry, I'm definitely trying to learn the proper etiquette of SE, and I regret any hassle I am creating. I will wait to see what happens and do as you've suggested. \$\endgroup\$ – Bloodcinder Dec 21 '16 at 20:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Bloodcinder No hassle at all! In fact, you inadvertently smoked out a sockpuppet account that was being used to circumvent a temporary suspension. So that was interesting, and useful. :) \$\endgroup\$ – SevenSidedDie Dec 21 '16 at 20:36
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No, at least not for combat

The find familiar spell and the beastmaster archetypes are significant class features. In particular, the beastmaster archetype advances with levels. On the other hand, the animal friendship spell doesn't give you control over an animal; it only charms it.

To give another class the ability to use animals in combat would be something akin to giving the fighter the paladin's lay on hands ability, or a wizard bardic inspiration.

Noncombat uses are probably ok by animal handling

If you want an animal for a more mundane, noncombat use (a pet dog, maybe?) you could probably get away with just using animal handling. Importantly, this does not mean that you get to control the animal like you control your character. It would act under the GM's discretion, with its obedience affected by how well you roll. Thus, it's less like the wizard's perfect telepathic synchrony with her familiar and more like a real-life animal handler with a trained dog or horse.

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    \$\begingroup\$ The only thing I would add to this is that, the direct answer to your question "How can I get an animal companion..." is "tell your DM you want one". If you have a good DM they'll give you an opportunity somewhere/somehow to allow your character to accomplish this goal. But Icyfire nails it from a pure rules perspective. "To give another class the ability to use animals in combat would be something akin to giving the fighter the paladin's lay on hands ability, or a wizard bardic inspiration." You are, at some level, asking "can my character please be better than my character is allowed to be." \$\endgroup\$ – Euch Dec 21 '16 at 21:29
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There are no rules in 5e for the mechanics of having a pet or working animal that are not explicitly granted by class features or spells, other than purchase prices and stat blocks listed for some animals.

In the absence of a class feature or spell which grants you access to a companion, familiar, mount, or other special animal accompaniment, your DM may allow your character to have a creature (typically a beast) as a pet or working animal that follows your character's bidding as its temperament and mental ability scores allow.

If so, your DM may require your character to make a Wisdom (Animal Handling) check to maintain control over the creature in any situation in which there could be any doubt whether the creature will follow your instructions, as indicated in the rules for the Animal Handling skill (PHB 178).

Animal Handling. When there is any question whether you can calm down a domesticated animal, keep a mount from getting spooked, or intuit an animal's intentions, the DM might call for a Wisdom (Animal Handling) check. You also make a Wisdom (Animal Handling) check to control your mount when you attempt a risky maneuver.

Your DM could pick an appropriate stat block from Appendix D of the Player's Handbook to represent the creature, or the DM might let you make that choice yourself with their approval. Your DM may require an expense of time and money by your character to acquire the creature or at least an appropriate backstory to justify your accompaniment by the creature.

Regardless, the creature itself would likely be under the control of your DM as if it were a Non-Player Character rather than directly under your control. Your DM would decide (by calling for the aforementioned skill checks or by making their own judgement calls) what actions the creature actually takes when you attempt to direct it.

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