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2

When preparing spells, you select from the entire Druid spell list. As you have observed, your circle spells are always prepared: Once you gain access to a circle spell, you always have it prepared, and it doesn’t count against the number of spells you can prepare each day. Then, when preparing spells, the Druid’s Spellcasting feature says: You prepare ...


14

The circle spells are, as you say, always prepared on top of your other spells. There are a number of spells you have prepared from the basic Spellcasting trait common to all druids: You prepare the list of druid spells that are available for you to cast, choosing from the druid spell list. When you do so, choose a number of druid spells equal to your ...


26

Truesight and Darkvision are explicitly seeing. Truesight is what it says on the box: Sight. Specifically, A monster with truesight can, out to a specific range, see in normal and magical darkness, see invisible creatures and objects... Similarly, Darkvision is vision, and is specifically stated to be seeing: A monster with darkvision can see in the dark ...


-5

Blindsight & Tremorsense: No Vision, Darkvision & Truesight: Yes The rules are here. Vision, Darkvision & Truesight are all forms of “seeing”. Blindsight works “without relying on sight.” This can be an unknown sense beyond the standard 5 or something like a bats echolocation depending on the monster. “Tremorsense can detect and pinpoint the ...


9

Only classes with the Spellcasting class feature give you a spell list. Focus spells are not on any spell list and being trained in their attack rolls and DCs does not give you a spell list. See CRB pg. 302, Non-Spellcasters With Focus Spells: If you get focus spells from a class or other source that doesn’t grant spellcasting ability (for example, if you’...


7

Yes In the Ranger Class Description Warden Spells are defined as a type of focus spell. Certain feats grant you warden spells, which are a type of focus spells. And the rules on Focus Spells define this for non-spellcasters: You gain the ability to Cast a Spell and use any spellcasting actions necessary to cast your focus spells (see below). However, you ...


5

With Tasha's Cauldron of Everything a few new optional rules have been added concerning Cantrips. Basically every full spellcaster class got an optional feature that allows them to exchange their cantrips. Most of them can change the cantrip whenever they get a new ASI/feat, except the wizard. The feature is called differently for the different classes and ...


-7

It depends D&D 5e uses the natural language meaning of words, unless contradicted by a defined game term. Benefit is not a defined game term. Benefit, under the normal meaning of the word is: an advantage or profit gained from something. Being able to change spells is contingent on completing a long rest. The Rakshasa's curse reads: The magical curse ...


-8

Rules As Written (RAW): Maybe There is some ambiguity due to the word "benefit" not being used in the Resting or Class sections of the PHB, and that has an argument for being consistent between both. Contrasting this are several magic items that regain charges after a long rest (most state dawn though). There is also a subclass (I forgot which, so ...


21

Yes. Is it a benefit? Yes. It's certainly beneficial to be able to change spells, in that it lets you get access to spells you didn't previously have prepared, with no real downside, since it's optional. Does it result from finishing a long rest? Yes, the rule for changing prepared spells says you may do it upon finishing a long rest, but doesn't say you can ...


-10

No From the preparing and casting spells section for the cleric: You can change your list of prepared Spells when you finish a Long Rest. Preparing a new list of Cleric Spells requires time spent in prayer and meditation: at least 1 minute per Spell Level for each spell on your list. Note the word "finish". You don't prepare spells during a long ...


0

Medieval societies didn't really build prisons for criminals. In medieval Europe, imprisonment was almost never used as a criminal punishment; generally, it was reserved for noblemen and noble women who had been captured and were being held hostage until their ransoms were paid, or as a temporary measure to hold a criminal until their execution can be ...


9

They can for a bunch of spells including Seeming, but this requires an action and does not work for any spell There is no general rule about ending spells which do not require concentration: If the spell is not a concentration spell, you can end it early if the spell description says so, but there is no general rule allowing non-concentration spells to be ...


11

Yes Ultimately, Use Magic Device exists, and anyone can activate nearly any magic item. The DC to “emulate a 1st-level class feature,” e.g. the ability to cast divine spells as required for the prayer bead of karma and as possible for many 1st-level classes, is 21: Emulate a Class Feature: Sometimes you need to use a class feature to activate a magic item. ...


5

Let \$p_i\$ be the probability of the \$i\$-th check succeeding, and let \$N\$ be a random variable describing the number of successful casting attempts. Then the probability of successfully casting the spell at least \$k\$ times is: $$\mathrm P(N ≥ k) = p_1 \times p_2 \times \cdots \times p_k = \prod_{i=1}^k p_i,$$ where the \$\Pi\$ symbol denotes ...


8

The expected rate is low. Very low. For spells of level 6 or higher, the caster will have at most two successful casting. The DC is 12 to 18 and success requires rolling above the DC, so a die of d12 or lower will automatically fail. For spell level 5, the caster will have at most three successful castings (d20 and d12). Level 4 has at most four successful ...


14

There isn't a simple formula which covers all the cases, but they can be calculated Expected number of successes before failure for spell levels 1-9: \$4.3 =\frac{43}{10} = 1 + \frac{18}{20} + \left(\frac{18}{20} \times \frac{10}{12}\right) + \left(\frac{18}{20} \times \frac{10}{12} \times \frac{8}{10} \right)+ \left(\frac{18}{20} \times \frac{10}{12} \...


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