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In Dungeon World, I face a challenge with describing hack-and-slash roll outcomes (particularly on success.) One part of this problem is that I have trouble setting up situations for players to want to do something other than just damage to the foe via Hack-and-Slash. How can I regularly encourage non damage dealing moves via Hack-and-Slash? Additionally, whether they do damage or not, how does one make Hack-and-slash interesting?

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    \$\begingroup\$ What do you mean with "non-damage dealing moves via hack-and-slash"? \$\endgroup\$ – kviiri Apr 26 '17 at 6:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ @kviiri was under the impression that you could use hack-and-slash to do things like disarm your opponent or cripple their legs so they couldn't move quickly etc. Was I wrong? \$\endgroup\$ – BlackVegetable Apr 26 '17 at 12:42
  • \$\begingroup\$ What did the player try to do? Did the player say "I'm going to cripple the Goblin's leg so it can't move?" If so, then that's a move to cripple a Goblin, which may or may not be a Hack & Slash roll, depending what your table thinks is the move that triggers (if any; it might be a GM move). A success at that move should cripple the Goblin. If the player just attacks the Goblin, then just narrate dealing damage. \$\endgroup\$ – Slow Dog Apr 26 '17 at 13:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ @SlowDog Basically. But if that isn't hack-and-slash and there isn't apparent danger (triggering defy danger) then what on earth is it? \$\endgroup\$ – BlackVegetable Apr 26 '17 at 14:49
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    \$\begingroup\$ A GM move isn't just when something bad happens. A player has attempted to cripple a goblin, no player move triggered, and the player then looks to you to see what happened - a GM move \$\endgroup\$ – Slow Dog Apr 26 '17 at 15:32
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You can't "encourage non damage dealing moves via Hack-and-Slash", because Hack & Slash is attacking an enemy in order to damage them.

It's likely players just attempt to Hack & Slash either because they don't know, or have forgotten, that they can (and should) attempt to do anything they please, rather than just "Hack & Slash the goblin" or the slightly better "attack the goblin with my sword".

Try and get the players not to think about "Moves" at all. A player can "attack the goblin with my sword". And a player can push the goblin, cripple the goblin, trip the goblin, grab its arm, grab its leg, slap its cheek, put a bag on its head, dive between its legs (or try to), point past it and yell "Dragon", throw oil over it, throw breakfast over it, ask it for dinner, eat it for dinner... anything. Remind them of this every so often.

We then have to decide what happens when the player says what they're doing. An example: "I'm going to cripple the goblin's leg so it can't move by smashing it with my Mace"

If this were in the midst of combat, the table will likely decide this is "attack[ing] an enemy in melee", so Hack & Slash triggers. The player rolls, hits, and Deals Damage. And when the players look to you to find out what happens as a result of that damage, you may well follow the fiction and make a move which reflects the player's original intent - "Offer[ing] an opportunity without cost", and say something like "The blow shatters the goblin's leg, and it falls to the floor, gasping in pain. What are you going to do?"

If not in the midst of combat - say the goblin is asleep - the table may well decide that no player move triggers at all (there's a good argument for Deal Damage in this case, but I'll ignore that to illustrate the general rule). Whenever anything happens in DW where there's no player move, it is instead a GM move - again, the players looking to you to find out what happens. You may make a move which reflects the player's original intent as above; or maybe have the goblin yell, putting the player in a spot; or reveal the unwelcome truth that the shattered leg is hemorrhaging and the goblin's dying. Something that moves the game along.

Even in the general boring case of a simple Hack & Slash, where the player succeeds and Deals Damage, the GM still has opportunity to move the game along. The player says "I deal 6 damage to the goblin" then (again) looks to you to see what happens. The narration of a Deal Damage is thus a GM move. So narrate the result and immediately follow it up; here revealing an unwelcome truth - "the goblin falls, blood gushing from a severed artery. Sparrow, as it falls, you here an involuntary gasp from behind you, and you turn to see another band that were sneaking toward you from the other side. What do you do?". Use this move to keep the game flowing, and to pass the spotlight around

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  • \$\begingroup\$ I don't know. The normal result of a successful Hack & Slash just isn't very interesting: "You hit the beast and it roars in pain". What do you think? \$\endgroup\$ – Slow Dog Apr 26 '17 at 13:37
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    \$\begingroup\$ Page 172 of my PDF of the corebook: "Think about more than just the exchange of damage. Monsters might be trying to capture the characters or protect something from them. Understand what the fight is about; what each side wants and how that might affect the tide of battle. No self-respecting monster just stands still for their beating. Combat is a dynamic thing with creatures moving in and out of range, taking cover, and retreating. Sometimes the battlefield itself shifts. Have your monsters take action that the players will react to..." \$\endgroup\$ – Adriano Varoli Piazza Apr 26 '17 at 14:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ A success at H&S is Deal Damage, and the rule book give no guidance on saying anything interesting about that. What you've quoted is what you do - what the monsters do - after that. \$\endgroup\$ – Slow Dog Apr 26 '17 at 15:26
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    \$\begingroup\$ @SlowDog Which is way more interesting than the exchange of damage. I just get past the damage quick and on to the interesting results of the stabbing. \$\endgroup\$ – SevenSidedDie Apr 26 '17 at 16:50
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How can I regularly encourage non-damage-dealing moves via Hack-and-Slash?

Hack and Slash as a move triggers when you attack a character in melee, and its main result is that you deal damage. So, if the character isn't doing anything that would deal damage, it's not the best move to trigger. What triggers instead might be a Defy Danger, or a GM move (remember, not all GM moves are bad for the player characters), or something else.

Your players are going to want to take the route that dispatches the foes as quickly as possible. Ususally, this is by dealing damage. If you want to encourage your players to trigger other moves, make it clear in the fiction that running at them with their sword (or whatever they're currently doing to trigger H&S) isn't going to work, or isn't going to be easy.

Whether they do damage or not, how does one make Hack-and-slash interesting?

I think the question you're trying to ask here (based on your first line) is "Whether the characters are triggering Hack & Slash or other moves in combat, where do I go from there, particularly on a success?"

So the player has got a 10+ and dealt their damage. Let's further assume it didn't kill the enemy. What do you do now? Do what you are required to do at all times as the GM: describe the immediate situation, and make it one that demands a response. Furthermore, you have a little bit of freedom here in that H&S doesn't necessarily only represent one strike, but could be a short exchange until something changes: Enemies rarely stand around taking hits until they die.

It's entirely within your role as the GM to describe what the foe does next. This isn't making a GM move, it's simply describing the immediate situation and the result of the previous move.

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